A Brief Introduction to Huadu

 

 【Administrative division and the area】 The area of Huadu District (formerly known as Hua County) was under the jurisdiction of Panyu County in Han Dynasty, and of Nanhai County in Sui Dynasty; and from Song Dynasty, it was governed by both Panyu County and Nanhai County. In 1686 (25th year of Kangxi Emperor's reign), parts of area from Panyu County and Nanhai County were taken to form a new county of Hua County, named after Hua Hill, a mountain located near the county seat. The county was subject to the government of Guangzhou Prefecture, and Wang Yongming, then county magistrate of Sanshui County, was transferred to serve as the first chief of the County. During the period of Public of China, Hua County was assigned many times to different jurisdictions. Hua County was liberated on Oct. 13, 1949, and was assigned to Jiangbei Special Zone, and then to Zhujiang Special Zone in December of the same year. In 1952 and 1956 it was assigned to Yuebei Administrative zone, and Foshan Special Zone respectively. In Nov. 1958, Hua County was given some people's communes in the suburban area of Guangzhou city, and was renamed as Guangbei County, but the old name was restored in next March. On Apr. 20, 1960, it was designated as a county under Guangzhou city. On June 18, 1993, the State Council gave its approval to upgrade Hua County to the city level, with the official name Huadu City (county-level). The city was placed under direct control of Guangdong Province, but Guangzhou city was authorized to run it. The city retained its previous administrative divisions. On May 21, 2000, the State Council decided to turn Huadu City into a city district, namely Huadu District under Guangzhou city, with all its administrative divisions unchanged.

  Huadu District is located at the Northern border of Guangzhou city, covering an area defined by 23°14′57″—23°37′18″N, 112°57′07″—113°28′10″. To its west are Districts of Sanshui and Nanhai of Foshan city, to its south is Baiyun District of Guangzhou, and to its North is Qingyuan city. Beijing–Guangzhou Railway and Wuhan-Guangzhou Passenger Railway run through the District; and it also has an expressway network consisting of a number of expressways running from south to north or from east to west across the District, including Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway, Guangzhou-Qingyuan Expressway, Airport Expressway, Guangzhou-Lecong Expressway, Zhaoqing-Huadu Expressway, Northern Second Ring Expressway of Guangzhou, and Jiekou-Beixing Expressway. The Liuxi River in the East and the Bajiang River (Baini River) in the West run south to join the Pearl River, which enables direct ship access to Hong Kong and Macau. Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, one of the three major air transport hubs of China, is also located in Huadu. Its location and highly developed river, land, and air transportation networks.

  

  【Administrative division】 As of 2016, the District has under its control 4 Sub-District Offices, Xinhua, Huacheng, Xinya, and Xiuquan, 6 towns, Huadong, Huashan, Timian, Shiling, Chini, Tanbu, and 188 village committees, among which 8 in Xinhua Street, 9 in Huacheng Street, 11 in Xinya Street, 7 in Xiuquan Street, 45 in Huadong Town, 26 in Huashan Town, 8 in Timian Town, 17 in Shiling Town, 30 in Chini Town, and 27 in Tanbu Town. There are 64 community committees in the District, including 32 in Xinhua Street, 9 in Huacheng Street, 4 in Xinya Street, 6 in Xiuquan Street, 5 in Huadong Town, 1 in Huashan Town, 1 in Timian Town, 3 in Shiling Town, 2 in Chini Town, and 1 in Tanbu Town. The whole District has 1971 village teams and 200 community teams.

  

  【Population】 As of 2016, there were 248047 registered households with a population of 723778, representing an increase of 6285 households or 6947 people more than the previous year (the registered households were already collectively referred to as registered resident household in that year, without distinguishing between agricultural households and non-agriculture households) . With 368216 males, and 355562 females, the male-female ratio of the population was 1.03:1. 14158 people were registered at birth in 2016, with 7653 males, and 6505 females, representing a sex ratio of 1.75:1. Registrations of 3133 people were canceled due to death, including 1693 males, and 1440 females. 25915 people immigrated into the District in the year, among which 19398 from other parts of the city, and 6517 from other places (including 94 from Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, or foreign countries); 19938 people emigrated out of the District in the year, among which 17826 to other parts of the city, and 2112 to other places (including 370 to Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, or foreign countries).

  

  As of Dec. 31, 2016, Huadu District had 661881 registered temporary residents. 160877, or 24.3%, of them came from other places in Guangdong Province, and 501004, or 75.7%, of them came from outside the Province. The statistics by occupation show that 592055 (or 89.5%) of the temporary residents were in secondary industries, 2212 (0.33%) in the agricultural sector, 18772 (2.84%) in the service industry, 19689 (3.0%) in commercial trade, and 21017 (3.2%) in others.

  (Information source: Public Security Sub-Bureau of the District)

  

  【Geography】 Terrain of Huadu District descends from Northeast to Southwest by steps. The Northern region is dominated by hills ranging from 300~500 meters of elevation above sea level; such hills are extensions of Jiulian Mountain, which in turn is part of the Nanling Mountains. The middle part of the terrain is featured with hilly land, and there is plain in the South. The highest peak in the District is Yaying Mountain, with an elevation of 581 meters above sea level; and the lowest point is found in Wanqingyang by Bajiang River, with an altitude of 1.2 meters. Stratified relief is an apparent feature of Huadu, with 3 layers of planation surfaces, 350~400 meters, 150~200 meters, and 100~150 meters in altitude respectively, and 4 layers of hillocks or knolls, 60~80meters, 30~40meters, 15~40 meters, and 15~25 meters. (Information source: Local Records Office of the District)